Cleaning and Prevention


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Dental Scaling

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Stain Removal

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Fluoride Treatment

What is it ..??

- Tooth is made from 3 layers , the outer layer ( the enamel ) is made from minerals , Fluoride is a mineral that also occurs naturally in many foods and water.


- Everyday many minerals are lost & gained from the enamel through two processes, demineralization & remineralization,


- Demineralization happens when acids from plaque bacteria & sugars attack the enamel layer and Remineralization happens when minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate are redeposited to the enamel layer from the foods and waters consumed .


- The process of losing minerals is called Demineralization , gaining them back is called Remineralization .

- Too much demineralization without enough remineralization to repair the enamel layer leads to tooth decay.


What is its importance to teeth..??

- If your child has had cavities or is at high risk of tooth decay, he should use extra fluoride. This will promote remineralization.


- Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth.


- In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize the teeth.


- Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults.


When Is Fluoride Intake Most Critical?

- It is certainly important for infants and children between the ages of 6 months and 16 years to be exposed to fluoride. This is the timeframe during which the primary and permanent teeth come in.


How is it applied ..??

- People can apply fluoride directly to their teeth by using a fluoride toothpaste or rinse, they can also receive fluoride treatments from the dentist.


- This can be applied for both children and adults also.


- There are 2 types :


a) Topical fluoride products applied directly to the teeth, including toothpaste, mouth rinses , they are in the mouth for only a short time.


b) Professionally applied fluoride treatments, that are given in dental office , including gel , foam or varnish.


- Fluoride mouth rinses are recommended for children over the age of 6.

- Your dentist can prescribe fluoride rinses and gels if your child needs a higher level of fluoride

- Fluoride supplements are also available as liquids and tablets and must be prescribed by your dentist, pediatrician, or family doctor.


Are There Risks Associated With Fluoride Use?

- Excess fluoride can cause defects in the enamel layer of the tooth, these defects are known as fluorosis and occur when the teeth are forming -- usually in children younger than 6 years.


- Fluoride is safe and effective when used as directed but can be hazardous at high doses (the "toxic" dosage level varies based on an individual's weight).


- That’s why it's important for parents to carefully supervise their children's use of fluoride-containing products and to keep fluoride products out of reach of children, especially children under the age of 6.

Dental Night Guard

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